“April 12”

For many people, April 12th is just another day on the calendar. But in the history of the United States, it is a very significant day:

  1. On April 12, 1861, Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter, S.C. triggering the start of the Civil War.
  2. On April 12, 1942, American military attacks four Japanese invasion bases in retaliation for bombing Pearl Harbor.
  3. On April 12, 1945, after serving as US President for 12 years, Franklin D. Roosevelt died of cerebral hemorrhage just as World War II was coming to a close.
  4. On April 12, 1961, Russia’s Yuri Gagarin became the first man to fly in space. This Russian achievement motivated President John F. Kennedy to commit the US to a moon landing by the end of the 1960’s.
  5. On April 12, 1963, civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was jailed by Bull Connor’s thugs in Birmingham, Alabama.
  6. On April 12, 1981, the US launched the first Space Shuttle – Columbia.
  7. On April 12, 2013 the movie “42” — the story of Jackie Robinson’s fight to become accepted as the first African-American player in Major League Baseball — opened in theatres across the USA.
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