For many people, April 12th is just another day on the calendar. But in the history of the United States, it is a very significant day:
- On April 12, 1861, Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter, S.C. triggering the start of the Civil War.
- On April 12, 1942, American military attacks four Japanese invasion bases in retaliation for bombing Pearl Harbor.
- On April 12, 1945, after serving as US President for 12 years, Franklin D. Roosevelt died of cerebral hemorrhage just as World War II was coming to a close.
- On April 12, 1961, Russia’s Yuri Gagarin became the first man to fly in space. This Russian achievement motivated President John F. Kennedy to commit the US to a moon landing by the end of the 1960’s.
- On April 12, 1963, civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was jailed by Bull Connor’s thugs in Birmingham, Alabama.
- On April 12, 1981, the US launched the first Space Shuttle – Columbia.
- On April 12, 2013 the movie “42” — the story of Jackie Robinson’s fight to become accepted as the first African-American player in Major League Baseball — opened in theatres across the USA.